Contrary to popular belief, not all children with Type 1 (Juvenile) diabetes are inactive and obese. Some are quite active, which is wonderful. Still, we should be concerned about children with the disease who lead a sedentary lifestyle as well as learn a few facts for those who are active.
- According to Web MD children who take insulin are at risk of hypoglycemia during and after exercise. It is recommended that blood sugar levels be checked before, during and after exercise.
- Do not let your child exercise if blood sugar is over 250 mg/dL or ketones are present.
- Make sure your child’s blood sugar is in the target range before exercise-to avoid low blood sugar.
- Make sure your child wears identification.
- Inject the insulin before exercise in a site other than the parts of the body your child will be using during exercise. For example, if your child will be running, do not inject insulin in the leg.
- Your child may eat 15 to 30 grams of quick-sugar food (hard candy, fruit juice, honey) 15 to 30 minutes before exercise.
- If your child plays in organized sports, give the coach a list of the symptoms of low blood sugar and instructions about what to do if it occurs.
- Have some quick-sugar food (hard candy, fruit juice, honey) on hand at all times. You can also make sure your child’s coach carries quick-sugar foods.
You should read the entire list of facts and how-tos in the article Type 1 Diabetes in Children: Safe Exercise and most important, check with your child’s physician before doing anything.